There have been many posthumous illustrative treatments and cinematic adaptations of Stevenson’s most famous work, Treasure Island, from N.C. Wyeth’s famous illustrations in the 1930s, through to Walt Disney’s various adaptations (culminating in 2002’sTreasure Planet). Stevenson was consciously writing popular fiction for a popular audience, which has been well documented by recent literary criticism. However, a major part of popular literature is how it intersects with popular visual culture. This was as true at the end of the nineteenth century as it is today. Consequently, Stevenson was always interested in the illustration of his work, not only for the commercial benefits of increased circulation, but also for their artistic merit in entertaining his readers. In fact, despite its current fame and enduring popularity, Treasure Island did not make Stevenson a household name. As Roger Swearingen records,Young Folks actually received complaints about the story in its original form, presumably because of the violence with which Jim Hawkins is confronted, and unlike The Black Arrow (1883), it did nothing to raise the paper’s circulation.