The Robert Louis Stevenson Archive

Sequels, Prequels and Retellings

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(1) Jekyll and Hyde

See also: Jekyll and Hyde: simplified readers


Danahay = Danahay, Martin A. (ed.) (1999). The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press.

Ganner = Ganner, Heidi (1999). "Intertextuality and Paradigm Shifts in Valerie Martin's Mary Reilly, Emma Tennant's Two Women of London. The Strange Case of Ms Jekyll and Mrs Hyde, and Robert Swindells' Jacqueline Hyde."  Gudrun Grabher and Sonja Bahn-Coblans (eds) (1999). The Self at Risk in English Literatures and Other Landscapes. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft. Innsbruck: Wolfang Meid. Pp. 193-202.

G = Geduld, Harry M. (1983). The Definitive ‘Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’ Companion. New York/London: Garland. [Geduld strangely in his section B (‘Parodies, Sequels, etc.’) four stage versions (Nos. 3, 4, 5, 8) for which the text was apparently never published; these are not listed below but are on the Stage versions page; I have included here titles from Geduld’s list B ‘Parodies, Sequels, etc.’ and C. ‘Stories Inspired by…’, pp. 192-4]

Maixner =  Maixner, Paul (1981). Robert Louis Stevenson: The Critical Heritage. London/Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul

Miller = Miller, Renata Kobetts (2005). Recent Interpretations of Stevenson’s Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Why and How This Novel Continues to Affect Us. Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press.



Anon. (1886). ‘The Strange Case of Dr. T and Mr. H. / Or Two Single Gentlemen rolled into one’. Punch 90 (6 February 1886).
[Short parody; repr. Maixner: 208-210, Danahay: 143—145]



Law, Arthur (1886). Strange Case of the Prime Minister and Mr Muldoon (With Apologies to Mr Stevenson). London: Empire Printing Co. Ltd.
[22 pp.; G B.1: ‘the Prime Minister was Mr W.E. Gladstone’]



‘Robert Bathos Staving Son’ [pseud.]. (1886 or 1887). The Stranger Case of Dr Hide and Mr Crushall: A Rum-Antic Story. By Robert Bathos Staving Son. London: Bevington & Co [This is from the entry in the British Library catalogue; G has ‘…Starving Son. London: Benington’]
[‘mad scientist’ development that dominates many subsequent retellings; Dr. Hide creates then loses a pair of ‘electric pants’ that by accident get united to the dummy of ‘a black man’ (‘Mr Crushall’); the trousers walk about London, kicking and trampling; G B.2; repr. Geduld 137-152]



Anon. (1888).'The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. In a Minim-Glass' . Fun, Aug. 22 1888.
[6-stanza comic parody verse, starting: 'Said Dr. Jekyll to his patients kind, / "I've diagnosed - conceived a perfect plan of you: / Take this prescription, and dear sir, you'll find / It speedily will make another man of you." ']


Little, Francis H. (1890). The Untold Sequel of The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Boston: Pinckney Publishing Company
[This is the catalogue entry for the copy in the Beinecke Library, Yale University; Geduld lists it as B.6 (p. 198) by Anon. and published ‘Dover, N.H.: The John A. White Company’—this is a reprinting published as an advertisement by John A. White, manufacturers of woodworking machinery; repr. in Geduld 129-136; ‘Linus Utterson’ tells of his discoveries after the end of Stevenson’s book: Hyde is an American actor opium addict who kills Dr Jekyll and takes his place by impersonating him, ‘closes the frame narrative left open by Stevenson and, in doing so, closes all interpretative possibilities’ (Miller p. 27)]



Patten, Gilbert (1892). Double-Voiced Dan, the Always-on-Deck Detective, or, the Female Jekyll and Hyde: A Weird Mystery of the Great Metropolis. New York: Beadle & Adams (Beadle’s New York Dime Library).
[Not clear if ‘Jekyll and Hyde’ is just a label, or if the story is a close version of Stevenson’s narrative; Miller 46]



Bridges, Robert (1894). [‘Jekyll Meets Hyde’, Geduld’s title]. From Overheard in Arcady. London: Dent.
[not listed in G’s Appendix B or C but repr. pp. 155-6; not Bridges the friend of Gerard Manley Hopkins, but an American journalist and poet, who first wrote these literary dialogues for Life magazine. A dialogue between the characters Jekyll and Hyde and about the author’s attitude, good and evil etc.]



Feldinger, Heinrich (1922). Das Verschwinden des Doktor Jekyll. Dresden-A. : Mignon-Verlag. [22 pp.]



Inagaki, Taruho (1925). ‘Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde’. In Tokyo Attractions That Shouldn’t Be Missed. Eng- transl. In One thousand and one-second stories. Los Angeles, CA : Sun & Moon Press, 1998.



McLaughlin, R.J. (1931). ‘Doctor Jekyll’. Horsehair Santa Claus and Other Stories. Boston: Christopher Publishing Co.
[G C.1]



Leaf, Munro (1941). ‘The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’. American Magazine 131v: 104.
[not listed in G’s Appendix B or C, but reprinted pp. 153-4; short parody in the style of hard-boiled street-wise fiction, ‘A trifling, jocular, brief summary’ (Swearingen, Dickens Studies Annual 37 (2006). Leaf’s similar jocular version of Treasure Island appeared in the American Magazine September 1940.]



Green, Paul (1946). ‘Doctor Hyde’. Salvation on a String and Other Tales of the South. New York/London: Harper & Bros.
[G C.2]



Armstrong, Anthony [Anthony Armstrong Willis (1897-1976)] (1949). ‘The Case of Mr. Pelham’. Esquire. Also Ellery Queen’s Mystery Magazine 139 (June 1955). Also (1957). The Strange Case of Mr Pelham. London/New York: Methuen/Doubleday.
[basis for a Hitchock TV film ‘The Case of Mr Pelham’ (1955), and the film The Man Who Haunted Himself (GB, Basil Dearden, 1970). Although this is more in the line of the disturbing usurping double as in Dostoievsky, Amstrong’s short story is influenced by Stevenson not only in the new 1957 title but in the protagonist reminiscent of Utterson and Jekyll: a methodical businessman who lives alone with his butler.]



Johns, Veronica Parker (1956). ‘Mr Hyde-de-Ho’. Ellery Queen’s Awards: 11th Series, ed. Ellery Queen [pseud.]. New York: Simon & Schuster.
[G C.3]



Maurice Limat [1914-2002]; transl. By L.M. de Waas (1965). De vrouwelijke Jekyll. Antwerp: Uitgeverij " Libra ". [original title: Le masque de chair]



Russell, Ray (1962). ‘Sagittarius’. Playboy, March 1962
[reprinted in Ray Russell, Sagittarius, collected short fiction, 1971; ghastly gothic adventures of the son of Hyde]



Rackham, John [John Phillifent] (1963). ‘Dr Jeckers and Mr Hyde’. Amazing Stories, Fact and Science Fiction 37 No.8 (Aug. 1963): 68-83.
[G C.4; ‘A science fiction story about cloning’ (Miller p. 54, who mistakenly has ‘1973’); the back cover of the magazine illustrates this story]



Jekyll-Hyde Heroes. DC Comics World's Finest Comics, February 1968.
[Comic book story. “A potion gives Batman and Superman split personalities, Batman turns into his old foe Two-Face while Superman becomes the super-fiend Kralik.”]



Berger, Thomas (1971). ‘Professor Hyde’. The Fully Automated Love Life of Henry Keanridge and 12 other Stories. Chicago: Playboy Press
[G C.5; ‘In a modern transformation story set in the United States, college professor Henry Hyde transforms into the garbage man Scallopini in order to escape his own family and seduce the wife of a colleague. The story ends when Henry’s son, Leonard, is transformed and approaches his father in murderous rage’, Miller pp. 53-4 ]



Ross, Marilyn (1971). Barnabas, Quentin and Dr. Jekyll’s Son. New York: Coronet Communications (Paperback Library Gothic, 27).

[Set in 1908,  Jekyll’s son, only a minor character, is one suspect in a series of murders. Dark Shadows (1966), by Marilyn Ross (one of over twenty-pseudonyms used by Canadian author Dan Ross) is the first of a series of 33 Gothic novels, many of them featuring a vampire, Barnabas Collins.]



Sontag, Susan (1974). ‘Doctor Jekyll’. Partisan Review 41iv: 539-552, 586-603. Also in: Sontag, Susan (1978). I, Etcetera. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, pp. 187-203.

[‘A story set in contemporary new York City and suburbs, which reinstates Stevenson’s lack of definition and limitation, leaving the relationship between Jekyll and Hyde unexplained, psychically connecting Jekyll, Hyde and Utterson, and describing the crimes that Hyde urges Jekyll to commit as merely “violence” ’ (Miller 55).

‘ “Doctor Jekyll,” a brilliant retelling of the Robert Louis Stevenson novella, is set mostly in contemporary New York and the Hamptons. Sontag loved Stevenson and does radical justice to his story by casting Jekyll and Hyde as separate individuals, the better to identify them, later on, as aspects of the same person. We first encounter them together in Manhattan. Hyde has arranged a meeting at the North Tower of the World Trade Center on a windswept Sunday in July. He chooses the WTC because it is “out of everyone’s way.” In this weekend wilderness, the two cross only for a few seconds: Hyde is unaccountably anxious and doesn’t want to talk. Jekyll wanders into a deserted cafe across the street and watches with interest as his breathless double keeps rounding the corner every few minutes like a hamster in a cage.

Strictly speaking, this vivid, sinister series of images has nothing to do with Sontag’s writings on 9/11. Even so, as you go back over her work you’re startled by the curious afterlife it has acquired. Thirty years on, it’s as if her Jekyll and Hyde had colonized a small patch of debris at the edge of Ground Zero and looked on impartially as the dust thickened and drifted across the world. Sontag liked the Jekyll and Hyde story because she understood the dangerous liaison between vice and virtue.’

Jeremy Harding ‘The Restless Mind’ [review of At The Same Time: Essays and Speeches by Susan Sontag]. Nation, 284.xii (3/26/2007): 31-36.]



Feinstein, Albert B. (1975). Dr Jekyll and Mr Mad. New York: Warner Paperback Library
[G B.7; this is a Mad Magazine paperback; Geduld lists with William B. Gaines (the original publisher of Mad Magazine) as the author.; this is probably a comic book parody in the typical absurd, lampoon style of the magazine]



Savater, Fernando (1979). Criaturas de aire. Barcelona: Destino
[monologues of literary characters by this Spanish philosopher; Sherlock Holmes, Peter Pan, the Invisible Man and IX: ‘Habla Mr Hyde’; a theatrical version of this (Mr. Hyde en boca del Dr. Jekyll) was performed in Mexico in 1996 written and directed by Luis Eduardo Reyes]



Estleman, Loren D. (1979). Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Holmes. New York: Doubleday
[presented as if by John H. Watson and edited by Loren D. Estleman]



Reouvain, René (1982). Elémentaire, mon cher Holmes. Paris: Denoël (Sueurs Froides).
[Originally under the pseudonym of "Albert Davidson"; not a retelling of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde but a narrative in which Stevenson, the writing of Jekyll and Hyde and the manuscript of the first version of the story are embedded in a brilliant Sherlock Holmes pastiche. This entry has therefore also been placed on the ‘RLS in Fiction’ page. The ‘Prologue (1885)’ (14 pp) tells the story of the writing of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde as a fictional narrative with dialogues; the rest of the novel is an ingenious Holmsian pastiche of embedded narratives linking together historical characters (famous murderers, Conan Doyle, Doyle’s secretary, Dr Joseph Bell) by means of a transmitted text: the terrible first version of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, which we learn was not burnt after all. We also learn that Jack the Ripper was…]



Geare, Michael & Michael Corby (1983). Dracula’s Diary. ***: Beaufort Books.
Dracula is 18 years old when he is sent to England by his Uncle Vlad in the 1870s or 1880s; the events of his arrival on the Demeter are shifted to several years later; Bulldog Drummond appears; Popeye the Sailor Man is mentioned; Watson and Holmes appear; also Dr. Jekyll appears and transforms into Hyde, placing the story in the mid 1880s.]



Scott, Jeremy [Kay Dick [1915-2001]) (1983). Doctor Jekyll and Miss Hyde. London: W.H. Allen.
[Erotic pulp fiction.]



Sanford, John A. (1987). The Strange Trial of Mr. Hyde: A New Look at the Nature of Human Evil. San Francisco: Harper & Row.
[John Sanford is a Jungian analyst and Episcopalian priest. He addresses the questions of psychological guilt and responsibility in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde..]



Thomas, Donald (1988). Jekyll, Alias Hyde. A Variation. London/New York: Macmillan/St. Martin’s Press.
[detective story version]



Kessel, John (1989). ‘Mr Hyde Visits the Home of Dr Jekyll’. Aboriginal SF March/April 1989. Reprinted in Kessel, John. The Pure Product. New York: Tor/Tom Doherty Associates, 1997.
[Poem; ‘…His face is scarred by virtue. / Mine is not. / He dreams of me / And prays for deliverance. / But that is only envy / Of my peculiar beauty, / Which he fears / And calls by another name.]



Tennant, Emma (1989). Two Women of London. The Strange Case of Ms Jekyll and Mrs Hyde. London: Faber and Faber.
[‘Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde are transformed into the figures of Ms Jekyll and Mrs Hyde’ and the setting is transposed to Britain in the Thatcher period. The educated and spoilt Eliza Jekyll becomes Mrs Hyde, and the latter, through drugs, transforms to a more desirable self and into the art-gallery manageress Eliza.  Tennant ‘makes her protagonist a very human Hyde, a victim herself whose deed is an act of self-defence… an act of freeing herself from oppressive circumstances and threats which surround her as they do all women’. Responsibility is shifted ‘to society at large and to its male members in particular.’ The complex narrative pattern is ‘a modern equivalent of Stevenson’s technique’ (Ganner: 196-7)]



Windig, René & Eddie de Jong (1989). Dr. Jekyll and mr. Heinz. Amsterdam: Gezellig en Leuk. Repr. 2001, Amsterdam : Oog & Blik [a children’s strip cartoon]



Michele Serra (1989). ‘Jekyll’. In Il nuovo che avanza. Milano: Feltrinelli. 53-65.
[Grotesque tale (reminiscent of those in Dahl’s Kiss Kiss) in which Stevenson’s social criticism is redirected at the superficiality of the beautiful, well-manicured existence of a modern fashionable plastic surgeon who takes a potion to become a modern monster: fat, ugly and misshaped.]



Bloch, Robert & André Norton (1990). The Jekyll Legacy. New York: Tor Horror/Tom Doherty Associates
[Writer Hester Lane arrives in London from Canada; Inspector Newcomen continues his search for the missing Henry Jekyll; Hester discovers that she is Jekyll’s sister…; criticizes male-dominated society (Miller p. 39)]



Martin, Valerie (1990). Mary Reilly. New York/London: Doubleday/Black Swan.
[the narrative centre is moved to a minor character, a maid only mentioned in passing in Stevenson’s text. The story is also expanded by the narration of scenes ‘offstage’ in the original and by ‘adding to Dr Jekyll’s story that of his maidservant’s childhood and youth as well as her role within the Jekyll household. She becomes a mirror to Jekyll’s innermost desires… Mary gets drawn into his double life with a strange mixture of horror and fascination, which in psycho-analytical terms links up with her childhood experiences as an abused child with an alcoholic father in a world of poverty’ (Ganner: 195).  ‘The author’s interest lies in the woman rather than in Dr Jekyll, the centre of attention for the maid. It is a feminist’s curiosity in the reactions of the passive young woman to a socially superior and attractive master in a situation of economic dependency’ (Ganner: 196)]



Newman, Kim (1992). Anno Dracula. London: Simon & Schuster (New York: Avon Books).
et in 1880; characters include Jekyll and Hyde, Sherlock Holmes etc. etc. - for a list of fictional characters reappearing in this and others in the series, see]



Kate McMullan, Paul Van Munching; Paul Van Munching  & Glenn Dean (Illustrators) (1994) . Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. New York: Random House Trade (Bullseye Chillers)
[children’s version]



Grant, John; Harvey Parker & Ron Tiner (Illustrators) (1995). Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. London/?New York: Usborne Publishing Ltd. (The Usborne Librabry of Fantasy and Adventure / E.D.C. Publishing (Library of Fear and Fantasy Series)
[retelling for children with added material, changes in point-of-view etc.]



Newman, Kim (1995). Dracula Cha Cha Cha. London: Pocket Books (aka: Judgment of Tears: Anno Dracula 1959. New York: Avon Books).
et in 1959, third in the series; includes Jekyll and Hyde, James Bond etc. etc. (The Second in the series The Bloody Red Baron (1995), set in 1918, apparently doesn’t include Jekyll and Hyde)]



Knight, Amarantha (1995). The Darker Passions: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. New York: Masquerade.
[your intrepid site-editor (somebody had to do it...) read enough to understand that this is sado-masochistic pornographic retelling; the same writer (one suspects it is a pseudonym) has produced The Darker Passions: Dracula]



Johnson, Robert & Joanne L. Mattern (1996). The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde. ***: HarperPrism (0061064149)
[An adventure of Wishbone, the dog detective; see also under 1998]



Swindells, Robert (1996). Jacqueline Hyde. London: Doubleday UK, £9.99 (hc). Reissued 1997, London: Corgi Yearling (pb) (ISBN: 0440863295).
[Young teenager thriller/dark fantasy novel, the Stevenson story transposed into contemporary Britain with the principle character replaced by a female character.
“When 11-year-old Jacqueline discovers a curious bottle of liquid in her granny's attic, she develops a dual personality. It's fun at first. Exciting. But then Jacqueline Bad gets into serious trouble, and although she keeps trying to be her old self, the bad side just won't let go.”
This will be frightening especially to adult readers trying to understand the thoughts and behaviour of antisocial brats; it might also appeal those  interested in ‘Estuary English’, as it is a first-person monologue by JH herself (vaguely corresponding to Ch 10 of Stevenson’s novella). The protagonist has three nightmares: a dream of the trampling incident (“I knock her over and start trampling her”, Ch 7); a version of the Carew murder (Ch 16); and a nightmare of being somewhere inside and searching in a cabinet for a bottle while people outside try to break in (Ch 26). Then she reads Stevenson’s story (Ch 41; “this doctor’s a really good guy. Everybody respects him, you know? He’s like a pillar of society, right?”). Later (Ch 47) there’s the suggestion that her grandmother’s house had belonged to a doctor on which Stevenson may have based his story.
‘It seems to be a didactic story, a warning against glue-sniffing and drug-taking. At the same time it is a gripping first-person account of a juvenile psychiatric patient. Finally, Swindells adds to all this the girl’s literary speculations, which are actually a mini-introduction to what fiction is all about.. What is noteworthy about [the novel], however, is the fact that the figure of this young girl Hyde is also a complex creation and pushed beyond the simple moral judgment of good and bad’ (Ganner: 198)]



Greenburg, Dan, Jack E. Davis (Illustrator) (1997). Dr. Jekyll, Orthodontist (Zack Files). ***: Putnam Publishing Group (0448413388). Publ. in UK as The Zack Files 5: Dr Jekyll, My Dentist. London: Macmillan Children’s Books (033035356X).
[Dr Jekyll as brand name for crazy scientist who takes transforming drug: "There’s something strange about Zack’s new dentist. It could be his eyes, which go red and scary when he’s cross. It could be the fact that his patient’s teeth seem to get worse, not better - and what is the strange liquid that he calls mouthwash?"]



Thompson, Brian M. (1997). ‘The Mouse and the Master’. In Resnick, Mike (ed.) Sherlock Holmes in Orbit. ***/London: Communications/MJF Books.
[Malcolm “the Mouse” Chandler investigates séances that Watson attends for Sherlock Holmes. Chandler attends a séance with Count Dracula, Alice (from Wonderland), Henry Jekyll, Dorian Gray and Phileas Fogg.]



Naugrette, Jean-Pierre (1998). Le crime étrange de Mr Hyde. Paris: Actes Sud/Babel. ISBN 2-7427-1796-X.
[detective story version, pastiche/homage to Victorian literature by a Stevenson scholar; organized in 10 chapters like JH, the first nine a first person narrative (by Hyde addressed to Utterson), the last a third person narrative (so reversing S’s structure); Hyde alternates between referring to himself in the first and the third person; the game of allusions and quotations includes Dickens, Wilkie Collins, Conan Doyle and T.S. Eliot, though undoubtedly there are many others. Japanese translation in 2003, Tokyo: Tokyo Sogensha.  ISBN4 488 25902 2.]



Nancy Butcher, Alexander Steele, Jane McCreary (Illustrator) (1998). Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Dog (Adventure of Wishbone, No 14). New York: Big Red Chair Books (1570643881)
[dog detective called Wishbone. “Joe Talbot's neighbor, Wanda Gilmore, meets the man of her dreams. But Joe, Ellen Talbot, and Wishbone are puzzled by the change in Wanda's personality--she's just not herself. Wanda invites the Talbots to attend her mystery man's amateur-talent-night show, and everyone is in for a hair-raising surprise! This intrigue reminds Wishbone of the book Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, by Robert Louis Stevenson. Wishbone imagines himself as John Utterson, a lawyer who follows the trail of a strange and evil man who is terrorizing 19th century London. As Utterson unravels this mystery, he will face dark secrets, witness a frightening scientific experiment gone wrong, and have a fur-raising encounter with a monster!” See also 1996]



Newman, Kim (1999). ‘Further Developments in the Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’. In Maxim Jubowski (ed.) (1999). Chronicles of Crime: The Second Ellis Peters Memorial Anthology of Historical Crime. London: Headline. Reprinted in Kim Newman (2000). Unforgivable Stories. London: Pocket Books, pp. 11-51.
[Utterson and Enfield return to Jekyll’s abandoned house and find ‘Henry Jekyll’s Further Statement of the Case’ in which all is explained: his relationship with Hyde (who is a separate person) and the reason for Lanyon’s resentment and final shocked reaction.]



Stine, R.L. (1999). Jekyll & Heidi. New York: Scholastic (Goosebumps series) (0439011833)
[children’s version; "As Uncle Jekyll staggered into the house his white hair shot out wildly from his head as if he had received an electric shock. I didn’t want him to see me nor know where he’d been. I especially didn’t want to know what he’d done"]



(6-issue magazine version), 2000 (book-form) Moore, Alan & Kevin O’Neill (art) (2000). The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen. New York/London: DC Comics/Titan Books.
[Comic book (some superb artwork); the mysterious forces of Fu Manchu threaten the British Empire - the authorities enlist "heroes" from classic literature of the time: Captain Nemo, Allan Quatermain, Dr Henry Jekyll and Edward Hyde, and the Invisible Man. Hyde, a cross between King Kong and the Incredible Hulk and, at about 12 feet tall, much bigger than Jekyll, usually transforms in time to save the day. Among the pastiche graphic material in the back, a "cigarette card" of Hyde trampling the girl, but little else closely connected to Stevenson’s text. ]


c 2000

Salling, Aage & Erik Hvid (eds.); Robert Dewsnap (revisions); Kim Broström (ill.); Gunnar Breiding (map). Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Copenhagen etc.: Aschehoug etc. (Easy Readers).



Lefort, Luc (adapt. de); Ludovic Debeurme (ill.) (2001). L'Etrange cas du Dr Jekyll et de M. Hyde. Paris: Albums Nathan. ISBN: 209210097-1 [“A free adaptation of the text, with superb, eerie illustrations” (Jean-Pierre Naugrette). The text is a rewriting, not without art, that smoothes out the roughness of Stevenson’s text and makes it more of a classic detective story, underlining the suspense and adding those small details, observations of behaviour and touches of ‘atmosphere’ that contribute to the attractions of the genre.]



D’Ardesio, Fernando (2001). Double Folly. Dr. Jekyll and Mrs. Hyde. London: Minerva Press.
[Not a retelling of JH: a postmodern narrative about a professional man in his fifties who has an affair with Myra, who turns out to be deceptive and degrading, but with whom the narrator becomes nevertheless obsessed, though this leads to being ostracised by society. There appear to be no characters with the name Jekyll or Hyde and the narrative does not mirror that of Stevenson’s. The title would seem to seem to be only one of the many intertextual references of the text.]



Jerry Kramsky [Fabrizio Ostani] (script), Lorenzo Mattotti (art);  (2002). Dr Jekyll et Mr Hyde. Paris : Casterman. ISBN 2203389885 / Torino: Einaudi / Amsterdam: Oog & Blik.
[a free reworking of the story as a ‘graphic novel’ (starting with the trampling episode, it then moves to ‘the last night’ and then basically Jekyll’s ‘full statement’), with additional acts of sadism – but all very stylised and suggested rather than shown. The colours and tones have an almost musical sequencing about them. One interesting sequence on p. 10-11 is where Utterson, seated and talking with Poole, becomes Jekyll and begins the main ‘full statement’. The (originally Italian) text makes much use of Stevenson’s words, together with additional words and episodes, which however are all interesting re-elaborations and interpretations. There are female characters, but no fiancée and postponed marriage (as in Sullivan and various film versions); Jekyll is a rather ill-looking man of late middle age (often associated with a pale green colour).]



Naugrette, Jean-Pierre (2002). Les hommes de cire. Castelnau-le-Lez : Climats (ISBN 2 84158 196 9).

[A narrative sharing affinities with Calvino, Borges and the graphic work of Escher, which borrows and elaborates themes and phrases from numerous sources including Stevenson’s Jekyll and Hyde.]



Pettus, Jason (2003). The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Reimagined for Modern Times. E-book at
[A rewriting (often paragraph-for-paragraph, dialogue-line by dialogue-line) with a modern N. American setting and in contemporary language; ‘Victorian-age London has been turned into a sleepy midwestern college town; Dr. Jekyll has become an obsessive medical student, kicked out of his university labs because of his toxic experiments in anti-psychotic medication; Mr. Hyde, a rave kid gone horribly, horribly wrong. Utterson, the main narrator of the original story, has become a jogging-obsessed tight-lipped law student in my version of the story; and Poole, Jekyll’s butler in the original version, retains his "comic relief" duties but is now Jekyll’s surfer pothead roommate’ (Jason Pettus)]



Vandelli, Luciano (2004). Il dottor Jekyll e mister Holmes. Milano: Boldoni Castoldi Dalai.

[The first novel of a professor of administrative law at Bologna University. Watson tells the story of Homes’s rational investigation of the strange and fantastic Hyde case.]



René Hemmerling (2004). ‘Dr. S. und Mrs. R.’. Noch ein blödes Märchenbuch. Norderstedt: Books on Demand. 64-8.

]A jocular ‘sexy story’ (in a schoolboy-student style): female doctor mixes and tests a new perfume on herself, undergoes a transformation and becomes super-sexy… (The ‘Mrs. R.’ has no correspondence in the text—it acts merely as an allusion in the title to ‘Dr Jekyll…Mr. Hyde’.) ]



Naugrette, Jean-Pierre (2006). Les Variations Enigma. Rennes: Terre de Brumes. ISBN 2 84362 290 5.

[A meta-literary fantasy, following Le crime étrange de Mr Hyde (1998) and Les hommes de cire (2002). Hyde is the first-person narrator of three of the chapters and we learn that Sherlock Holmes went to school with the future Dr Jekyll. Other allusions and imitations come from Wilde, Hitchcock, and Borges within the framework of a detective story constantly undermined by fantasy and metatextual playfulness. Houses are fantastic labyrinths that not only contain symmetrical structures but are doubled by elaborate doll’s houses (which one of the characters collects); similarly, the characters (as in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde) are frequently doubled by others yet also equivalents of each other.]



Naugrette, Jean-Pierre (2006). Les Variations Enigma. Rennes: Terre de Brumes.

[A meta-literary fantasy, following Le crime étrange de Mr Hyde (1998) and Les hommes de cire (2002). Hyde is the first-person narrator of three of the chapters and we learn that Sherlock Holmes went to school with the future Dr Jekyll. Other allusions and imitations come from Wilde, Hitchcock, and Borges within the framework of a detective story constantly undermined by fantasy and metatextual playfulness. Houses are fantastic labyrinths that not only contain symmetrical structures but are doubled by elaborate doll’s houses (which one of the characters collects); similarly, the characters (as in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde) are frequently doubled by others yet also equivalents of each other.]


Banis, Victor J. (2008). Drag Thing, or, The Strange Case of Jackle and Hyde. Rockville, Md.: Wildside Press. 1434401928.

[Protagonist-takes-potion-and-is-sexually-released story with little or no other connection with Stevenson’s story. In the tradition of ‘The Hulk’ and of Hyde in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, the mutant form is larger than the original (in this case, an eight-foot drag queen). If you like this sort of thing, then this is the sort of thing that you will like…]


Keller, M. Elias (2012). Strange Case of Mr. Bodkin and Father Whitechapel. ISBN: 978-0-615-67024-9. Available in various formats through the principle on-line bookstores.

[ʻWhatʼs intriguing about Jekyll & Hyde is that Stevenson clearly states that the drug itself is neither diabolical nor divine,ʼ Keller says. ʻIt simply brings forth the repressed side of oneʼs personality: fiend or angel. So I wondered what would happen if a wealthy but conflicted businessman took the potion and became the living, giving saint heʼs always longed to be?ʼ (from the authorʼs on-line presentation).
Transforming oneself into a saint clearly has its unexpected side, as is suggested by the fact that this version of the JH story belongs to those that bring in the Ripper murders. Keller explains that first he wrote a kind of mirror-image of JH and then did research into Victorian London and wrote this more independent version.]


Daniel Levine (2014). Hyde. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

[Levine starts almost at the end of Stevenson’s text, as Hyde picks up the pen put down by Jekyll and goes back over events from a different perspective, filling in information and motivations.]


Robert Masello (2016). The Jekyll Revelation. 47North (Amazon Publishing).

[A historical fiction/horror mash-up, in which chapters alternate between letters and a journal by RLS with the narrative of environmental scientist Rafe Salazar who finds an old steamer trunk containing the journal and... a mysterious flask containing the last drops of Jekyllʼs potion. Stevensonʼs story takes him to the London for the stage version of Dr Jekyll at the same time as the Ripper murders. The relevance of the present-day action isnʼt immediately clear, but eventually arrives. First sentences: ʼ26 November 1894. Dear Henley—What I must tell you now, I tell you with dread. It has happened again. What we thought—what we prayed—we had left behind us in the back alleys and darkened doorways of Whitechapel has, I fear, awakened from its awful slumberʼ.]

no date

Bridge, Margaret (n.d.). ‘Dr Quack and Miss Little Girl’. Snappy Stunts for Social Gatherings. Franklin, Ohio: Eldridge Publishing Co. [G B.9]




(1b) Jekyll and Hyde: simplified readers


Williams, C. Kingsley (ed.); illustrated by C. Instrell (1960). The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. London: Longmans, Green and Co Ltd (Longman’s simplified English series)



Waldron,Ronald (retold by). Dr Jekyll and Mr Hide and other stories. Oxford: OUP (Oxford Progressive English Readers). 6th printing


Border,Rosemary (1991). Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Oxford: Oxford University Press (Oxford Bookworms).


Swan, D. K. (simplified by); illustrated by Tudor Humphries (1991). Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Harlow: Longman


Wymer, Norman (simplified by) (1992). Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Walton on Thames : Nelson


Williams, C. Kingsley and A. G. Eyre (simplified by) (1993). The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. London: Longmans. Intro and questions by Gwyneth Roberts.


Colbourn, Stephen (1995). Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Oxford. Heineman (Heinemann guided readers. Elementary level)


Williams, C. Kingsley and A. G. Eyre (retold by). The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Harlow: Pearson Education (Penguin Readers).


Butler, James and Maria Lucia De Vanna (1999). The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Genoa: Cideb.


Hamley, Dennis (retold by; 2001). The strange case of Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde. Oxford : Heinemann Educational, c2001.




(2) Treasure Island


Quiller Couch, A. T. (1907). Poison Island. London/NY: George Bell/Scribner’s.
["A Treasure Island story on the Stevensonian plan with some characters after Dickens, opening in Cornwall, with echoes of the Peninsular war and of Napoleon’s captivity in Elba, and the more tangible allusion of the arrival at Falmouth of a big batch of returned prisoners. In the process of a voyage to the island we also hear of the American War of 1812, which was still causing trouble to shipping. 1813-1814." Ernest A. Baker, A Guide to Historical Fiction (London, 1914). There’s a map, a dangerous character also in search of the treasure and an ex-companion, the group who decide to go to find the treasure; the island however turns out to be inhabited by character very reminiscent of Attwater in The Ebb-Tide]



Smith, Arthur D[ouglas] Howden (1924). Porto Bello Gold. New York: Grosset & Dunlap (republished 1999 as Porto Bello Gold: A Prequel to Treasure Island. Ithaca, NY: McBooks Press (Classics of Nautical Fiction).
[The young hero Master Robert is shanghaied by his great Uncle, the infamous pirate Murry, and along with his faithful friend Peter, are embroiled in a plot to capture a Spanish treasure ship (along with Flint, Darby, Ben Gunn, and Long John Silver ) and use the proceeds to finance the return of King James and Bonny Prince Charlie to power in England. The treasure is buried on Dead Man’s Chest]



Gottfredson, Floyd (1932). Mickey Mouse Sails for Treasure Island.
[daily comic strips from 16 May to 11 November 1932]



Calahan, Harold Augustin (1935). Back to Treasure Island. New York: Vanguard Press. With ten full-page b&w illustrations by L.F. Grant.
[The first direct sequel to Treasure Island. Jim Hawkins and the others return to the island for the bar silver that had been buried separately. Calahan (1889-1965), author of several books on sailing, argues that Stevenson deliberately left details unresilved because he intended to write a sequel.]



R.F. Delderfield (1956). The Adventures of Benn Gunn. London: Hodder & Stoughton. Numerous b&w drawings, several full-page, by William Stobbs.
[Apparently written in response to the author’s children pestering him with questions as he read the classic out to them: how did Long John Silver lose his leg, how did Pew lose his eyesight? etc. ‘‘It was thoughts like these that prompted... R.F. Delderfield to sit down and do what no other writer has attempted to do - to write a supplement to Stevenson’s Treasure Island. There have been many sequels and film aftermaths but never a preliminary volume, and never, perhaps, a deeper or more thorough analysis of the desperate men who bluster their way through the pages of the world’s most famous adventure story.’’ (from the blurb).]



Chendi, Carlo & Luciano Bottaro (1959). Paperino e l’isola del tesoro. In Topolino (Milan: Mondadori) No. 216 (10 Aug.) to 218 (10 Sept.) 1959.
[‘esilirante grande parodia’ (Becattini, Alberto (1998). In Pratt, Hugo (1988). Isola del Tesoro. Genova: Le Mani) in the independently-evolving Italian ‘Mickey Mouse’ magazine. Also rewritten in a plain text version, and published 1973 (?by Mondadori) in the series ‘L’Intrepida - Comics’]



Wibberly, Leonard (1972).  Flint’s Island.  New York: Farrar Straus & Giroux.

[The New England brig Jane stops at an island to repair storm damage. The island turns out to be Treasure Island, and they find Long John Silver, who has found Captain Flint’s buried treasure. Mutiny and murder follow. By the author of The Mouse that Roared.]



Judd, Denis (1977). The Adventures of Long John Silver. London: Michael Joseph.

[A dying John Silver finds an adult Jim Hawkins, and tells the good doctor of his exploits prior to the events in Treasure Island]



Judd, Denis (1978). Return to Treasure Island. London: Michael Joseph.
[Sequel in which Dr. Jim Hawkins writes of a reunion with Silver who then tells of his tireless quest to recover the remaining treasure from Treasure Island]



Scott, Justin (1994). Treasure Island: A Modern Novel. New York: A Wyatt Book for St. Martin’s Press.
[Set in 1950s Long Island, this retelling of Stevenson’s story retains the names of most of the characters (though Squire Trelawney becomes Senator Trelawney) and appropriates chapter titles ("The Captain’s Papers," "Israel Hands") or works variations on them ("I Go to New York," "Shotguns and Hand Grenades"). In Scott’s updated version, the Hispaniola is bound for an island where a fortune in Nazi gold is hidden.]



Larsson, Björn (1995). Long John Silver. Stockholm: Norstedts. French transl. by Philippe Bouquet (1998). Paris: Grasset. English transl. by Tom Geddes (1999): Long John Silver. The true and eventful history of my life of liberty and adventure as a gentleman of fortune and enemy to mankind. London: Harvill.
[Silver’s autobiography: his version of his adventures, an extreme individualist’s views on human existence, and a series of evocations of Stevenson’s novel which call into question the division between truth and fiction]



Acker, Kathy (200*). Pussy, King of the Pirates. New York: Grove Press 1996.

[A loose and transgressive reworking of Treasure Island spanning centuries and continents, this work chronicles the adventures of O and Ange, prostitutes who retire from the trade and hire “King” Pussy and a band of girl-pirates to help them find buried treasure. Heavily influenced by pulp fiction, social satire, religious allegory, and picaresque novels it has been seen as ‘a brilliant, hilarious, electrifying and pornographic deconstruction of history and language’ in which ‘every word, sentence and image has a literal, metaphorical and referential meaning and fluctuates between them.’ (Patricia Seaman in Eye Weekly) and also as a load of rubbish.: ‘There’s something to offend everybody here!’ (Brian Bouldrey in The Guardian Lit. ). There is also a CD of readings with the title Pussy, an illustrated small press edition of excerpts called Pussycat Fever, and a CD with the same title as the main text, on which the author sings to the music of The Mekons.]



Strickland, Brad (1997). Salty Dog. NewYork: Big Red Chair / ***: Lyric Studios (ISBN 1570641943) / ***: Gareth Stevens (ISBN 0-8368-2297-8)
[Wishbone Dog parody of Treasure Island (Wishbone Series No. 2) in which the dog Wishbone takes the role of Jim Hawkins]



Milligan, Spike (2000). Treasure Island According to Spike Milligan. London: Virgin Books; ISBN: 1852278951 (hb) , ISBN: 0753505037 (pb).
[The retelling follows the original chapter by chapter with changes in a spirit of anarchic playfulness and irreverence (metaphors taken literally, polysemous words taken the wrong way, understood meaning deliberately misunderstood). The oaths that Stevenson omitted from the pirates’ language are put in and the parrot says not only ‘Pieces of Eight’ but also ‘Fuck off all of you’ (the sort of thing you would expect a pirate to teach a parrot). The same word is used, appropriately, as a brief imprecation when the pirates realize the treasure has already been lifted, and again by the three marooned pirates as part of a defiant farewell to Silver. If you like this sort of thing, then this is the sort of thing that you like (and vice versa).]



Bryan, Francis (2001), ill. Peter Bailey. Jim Hawkins and the Curse of Treasure Island. London: Orion. ISBN: 1 84255 076 4
Jim Hawkins returns to the island to retrieve the rest of the treasure left behind. ‘Many of Robert Louis Stevenson’s characters and settings return - the good ship Hispaniola, the dedoubtable Squire Trelawney and the shipwrecked goat-herd Benjamin Gunn’ also Long John Silver (now a millionaire) and ‘Captain Flint’. ‘Bryan’s pleasure at resuscitating Stevenson’s creations is obvious. His prose is a competent imitation of the original, and he skillfully steers hsi plot the right side of parody’ (Jon Barnes, TLS, 16.11.01). The book also contains a treasure hunt competition solved by following clues in the book (prize: £5000 of antique gold).]



Tartt, Donna (2002). The Little Friend. ?New York: Knopf. [cf. Leader, Zachary (2002). ‘A Mississippi Mowgli. Donna Tartt’s debt to Stevenson, Conan Doyle, Kipling and Mark Twain’. TLS 1 November 2002: 25. Treasure Island is the main model for Donna Tartt’s second novel: a quest with an anticlimactic end, with a resourceful 12-year-old protagonist (who at the end dreams of the Hispaniola) and a threatening but attractive Silver-figure (Farish).]



Simon Bent (2006). Under the Black Flag (subtitled: The early life, adventures and pyracies of the Famous Long John Silver before he lost his leg). Performed at The Globe Theatre, London, summer 2006, dir. Roxana Silbert.

[John Silver (Cal MacAninch), unfortunate enough to earn the disfavour of Cromwell, is press-ganged away from his wife and daughter, for a life in the colonies, where he is later captured by pirates. We learn why he is called ‘Long’, how he lost a leg, and we get background to Billy Bones and One-eyed (later, Blind) Pew. We don’t learn, however, how the treasure got to Treasure Island.]


Bertho, Pascal (script) et Tim McBurnie (art) (2007). Sept Pirates. Paris : Delcourt 
[Comicbook. Some years have passed, the treasure has mostly been spent and the ‘gentlemen’ are not doing particularly well; Jim and the others are given the offer (made anonymously through a lawyer) to search for the treasure still remaining on the island.]



Dorison, Xavier (script) & Mathieu Lauffray (art) (2007). Long John Silver. Paris: Dargaud.
[Comicbook. The first of four volumes. Silver (apparently the only character from Stevenson’s story) is a picaresque hero in a new search for treasure. This first volume has been much praised n BD sites.]



Prather, Robert A. (2007). The Strange Case of Jonathan Swift and the Real Long John Silver. Morley, Missouri: Acclaim Press

[Suggests that the buried treasure in TrIs is based on a legendary silver mine in Kentucky, possibly on the Hardin-Breckinridge county line. The reasoning goes like this: (i) A real-life Virginia merchant, Jonathan Swift, with mining and pirate connections in his family, owned local property; (ii) there is also a Jonathan Swift of legend, who, after discovering a big silver lode, went nearly bind and couldn’t find it again; (iii) it’s possible that using the Swift legend, based on the real Swift, Stevenson created Long John Silver and his lost treasure (the mine); (iv) John Silver and Jonathan Swift share the same initials (well…, that proves it). An interesting example of how people convince themselves of theories based on chance coincidences and improbable possibilities.]


Edward Chupack (2008). Silver: My Own Tale as Written by Me With a Goodly Amount of Murder. New York: Thomas Dunne. $23.95. 978-0312373658

[Silver steals part of the recovered treasure from the homeward bound Hispaniola, and disappears. A sequel to Treasure Island in the form of Silver’s autobiography, written while locked in a cabin on his own ship and suffering from fever. But the old rogue has a few tricks left in him. Silver is ‘a quick learner and a hard worker, he’s instantly good with a sword, he’s funny and he’s smarter than those around him. But he has a flaw, which is he tends to kill everybody’.]



John Drake (2008). Flint & Silver. New York/London: HarperCollins.

[ From the publisher’s presentation: ‘Pirates of the Carribean meets Flashman in this rip-roaring, hugely entertaining prequel to Treasure Island. John Silver had never killed a man. Until now, charisma, sheer size and, when all else failed, a powerful pair of fists, had been enough to see off his enemies. But on a smouldering deck off the coast of Madagascar, his shipmates dead or dying all around him, his cutlass has just claimed the lives of six pirates. With their comrades intent on revenge, Silver's promising career in the merchant navy looks set to come to an end! until the pirate captain makes him an offer he can't refuse. On the other side of the world Joseph Flint, a naval officer wronged by his superiors, plots a bloody mutiny. Strikingly handsome, brilliant, but prey to sadistic tendencies, the path Flint has chosen will ultimately lead him to Silver. ogether these gentlemen of fortune forge a deadly and unstoppable partnership, steering a course through treachery and betrayal and amassing a vast fortune. But the arrival of Selina, a beautiful runaway slave with a murderous past, triggers sexual jealousy that will turn the best of friends into sworn enemies !’ ]



John Drake (2009). Pieces of Eight. New York/London: HarperCollins.

[Further adventures. Will be continued in a third book when Silver gets involved in the American War of Independence ]



Andrew Motion (2012). Silver. Return to Treasure Island. London: Jonathan Cape.

[This sequel by former poet-laureate gained positive and enthusiastic reviews from the Observer (24 Mar), Guardian (30 Mar) Montreal Gazette (11 Aug), New York Times (23 Aug) and more nuanced appreciation from the Telegraph (5 Apr) and Independent (23 March). All praise the prose style and especially the scenes set in the Thames Estuary in the first part of the book.]



See also Black Sails, TV series, prequel of Treasure Island on the page of film versions of Treasure Island


Andrew Motion (2014). The New World. London: Jonathan Cape.
[Continues where Motion’s Silver (2012), his first sequel to Treasure Island, left off. Jim and Natty, only survivors of the wreck, are immediately captured by Native Americans. During their long journey through American landscapes, they encounter three different tribes: one savage, one spiritual, one tragic.]


(3) others


Tambour, Ann (2003). ‘Travels with Robert Louis Stevenson in the Cévennes’. In Monterra's Deliciosa & Other Tales. Canton, OH: Prime Books, 2003. ISBN: 1894815947 £19.$29.99. [. The Cévennes journey from the donkey’s point-of-view.]

Taylor, W. Thomas (1989). Plain John Wiltshire on the Situation. Midland Tex.: French Pub. Corp.. [Spine title: Plain John Wiltshire. "This first edition is limited to two hundred twenty-seven copies,numbered 1-201 for sale, and lettered A-Z for the private use of the publisher. Each copy has been signed by the editor"--Verso of t.p. Bibliography: p. 33-35.]


Willard, Nancy, Alice Provensen, & Martin Provensen (Illustrator) (1987 / 1994). The Voyage of the Ludgate Hill: Travels With Robert Louis Stevenson. ***: Harcourt Brace / Voyager Picture Book (ISBN: 0152944648 / 0152001190), $14.95 / $4.95. [A poem inspired by Robert Louis Stevenson’s letters; part fact, part fantasy; the author and his wife survived a stormy ocean voyage with a shipload of exotic animals]

Munro, D. J. (2015). Slave to Fortune. Amazon Digital Services.
[Dominic Munro’s historical novel uses elements of Kidnapped to create a wide-ranging adventure, in this case starting from seventeenth-century England. First two sentences: ‘I was asleep when they came; we all were. They came in the dead of night.’]

Munro, Neil (1914). The New Road. Edinburgh: Blackwood.
[Not a retelling or sequel but a novel showing narrative inspiration from both Kidnapped and The Master of Ballantrae. The central characters of Aeneas Macmaster and Ninian Macgregor Campbell have clear affinities with Alan Breck Stewart and Davie Balfour from Stevenson’s Kidnapped. And as Aeneas and Ninian can be seen as one divided character (related to wider Scottish divisions), we can also see an inspiration from James and Henry Durie in The Master of Ballantrae.]

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